The economic and social aspect of individuals affects how they conduct themselves. To begin with, people lifestyles portray a lot about how they conduct themselves. In this fast moving world where people work for long hours and have less time to go to the gym or morning jog, this is prone to be a rampant implication to their health. Healthcare practitioners have always insisted on good healthy behaviors including physical activities. Bearing this in mind, you will be able to abstain from health complication related but not limited to obesity.
What is Physical Inactivity?
Individuals can be considered as physically inactive if they do not participate for about 2½ hours of moderate activity for over five sessions in a week. Anyone who doesn’t meet this level of workout is considered inactive. There are several reasons that lead to physical inactivity in both developing and developed world. Urbanization for instance is one of the greatest contributors to physical inactivity. It has led to several environmental factors such as population overcrowding, high density traffic and lack of parks and recreational facilities that discourage recreational facilities.
Today is the norm where cultures value television, cars, and computers making physical activities less part of our daily lives. Moreover, some communities have schools and social amenities located far from residential areas making biking and walking less of a priority.
Physical Inactivity is Associated With ill Health And Mortality.
The world health organization estimates that physical inactivity causes 1.9 million deaths worldwide. This number is high considering that there are simple measures to be taken to curb such a high growing number. People who do not participate in physical activities expose themselves to the risk of getting complications related to cardiovascular diseases, colon and breadth cancer. Studies conducted in the recent past have also shown that physical activeness improves both mental and muscloskeleton health. In addition you stand to reduce risk factors such as high blood pressure, overweight and high blood cholesterol.
As compared to other health risk factors, physical inactivity is a greater cause of social activeness. For instance, it’s a major impact in employee productiveness leading to constant presenteeism and absenteeism and also imposes direct economic costs to employers. What’s more, it’s a major cause of healthcare costs associated with premature mortality and disability.
Measuring The Cost of Physical Inactivity.
The impacts of physical inactivity can be modeled into three parts which includes;
- Healthcare costs
- Economy wide productivity costs
- Mortality costs.
Medical Care Costs.
There is a great correlation between the number of medical conditions and physical inactiveness. In fact, increased medical condition leads to higher medical costs. On the other hand, there are several healthcare costs required to treat physical inactiveness related complications.
Economy Wide Productivity Costs.
Just like other health related risks, physical inactivity can have an adverse effect both on individuals as well as organizations. Presenteeism and absenteeism are some of the major impacts to employee’s productivity. Presenteeism can be defined as the loss in productivity related to employees underperformance at work due to illness and other related complications. In comparison, absenteeism occurs when employees don’t avail themselves voluntarily at work.
Physical inactivity can also be a major cause to medical complication leading to reduced life expectancy. A lot of people tend to overlook this element but it’s an important element when considering the financial and social costs of physical inactivity. With a constant growth in number of inactive people all over the world, there has been a greater trend in workforce decline meaning that there would be less output produced to grow the economy.
It’s notably safe to say that there are ‘quality of life’ costs that are associated with physical inactivity. The quality of life costs relate to reduction in quality of life relating to issues such as disability, anxiety, pain and suffering.
Other Costs Associated With Physical Inactiveness.
As opposed to the main costs of physical inactiveness there are others associated with physical inactivity. Transaction costs for instance have a huge bearing towards physical inactivity. Transaction costs can be defined as costs associated with information. There are a lot of costs related to dissemination of information. This can be through campaigns activities conducted by WHO, transportation among others.
There are also considerable amounts of capital invested in regions such as sports, recreational facilities, cycling and footpaths. These factors can be argued in different ways since most people do not consider facilities a hindrance for being physically fit.
Although much information is not available ethnic differences in health outcomes have cultural and social impacts. This can impose costs on the ethnic groups therefore end up having worse cultural effects. If there are high premature mortality rates due to physical inactivity in some ethnic communities, it can change the population structure for that community depending on the role of older people in each of the cultural people.
Achieving Physical Activeness.
There is a great health benefit that one can achieve from maintaining a consistent and regular physical fitness. This does not only help in prevention a wide range of health problems but also has beneficial effects to cardiovascular fitness. Keeping constant physical fitness maintains muscles strength, joint functioning, joint structure which is important in skeletal development in young people.
It’s also very beneficial in preventing fall and fracture to the elderly. Furthermore, regular fitness has a close correlation to the effects of depression, anxiety as well as reduction of health disorder. Most importantly, ensuring regular physical activity is associated with reduction in mortality rates for both young and older adults. Despite being known benefits related to physical activities, new research has shown that prolonged periods of sedentary behaviors between exercises can have adverse effects on physical activity.
To begin with, the physical active risk attracting chronic diseases this is because all the benefits gained from being physical active are compensated from long sedentary time. Those who are physically inactive also stand a chance of attracting chronic diseases. This is why those who sit for long hours in the office stand a greater chance of getting such diseases. This suggestion presents a different perspective to physical activity in that exercise alone is not sufficient in eradicating costs incurred from chronic diseases.